By Martha Nakimuli
Ngora District health officials have reported an outbreak of Hepatitis B.
The disease was also reported in the district in October last year and now the authorities are stuck with a decision, whether or not to declare that Ngora has an outbreak of Heptitis B.
Several people are reported to have died of the disease in the District, while 14 of 80 samples have tested positive.
Hepatitis B is an infectious inflammatory illness of the liver caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV) that affects hominoidea, including humans. Originally known as “serum hepatitis”, the disease has caused epidemics in parts of Asia and Africa, and it is endemic in China.
About a third of the world population has been infected at one point in their lives, including 350 million who are chronic carriers.
The virus is transmitted by exposure to infectious blood or body fluids such as semen and vaginal fluids, while viral DNA has been detected in the saliva, tears, and urine of chronic carriers.